Kajian BudayaManggarai

Ritus Teing Hang Empo dan Usaha Melawan Lupa

Kanisius Teobaldus Deki*

Apakah yang terjadi jika ada amnesia kronis melanda manusia? Semua kebaikan akan terhapus tanpa cerita. Bahkan kenangan akan kehilangan dayanya di hadapan kekuasaan peristiwa hidup yang terus berlanjut. Atau, yang lebih lebih celaka, orang tidak bisa belajar dari sejarah. Kesadaran akan kebaikan masa lalu menyebabkan muncul kerinduan untuk menulis sejarah. Sebuah upaya mencatat kembali apa yang terjadi di waktu lampau.

Jika menilik usul asal kata, dalam bahasa Inggris, sejarah disebut “history” yang secara etimologis berasal dari kata bahasa Yunani “historia” yang berarti ikuiri (inquiry), wawancara (interview), interogasi saksi mata dan laporan mengenai hasil tindakan; entah saksi (witness) maupun hakim (judge), seorang yang tahu tentang peristiwa. Sejarawan ternama, Tacitus (69-96) menggunakan sebutan yang sama untuk judul bukunya yang sohor, Historiae untuk peristiwa-peristiwa yang diamatinya dan Annales untuk laporan periode sebelumnya. Istilah annal (Latin: Annalecta) dan kemudian chronicles menjadi sebutan yang kerap. Konon, Gereja zaman lampau memiliki tradisi mencatat (annals dan chronicles) yang sangat bagus sehingga membentuk sebuah historiae yang komplit dan terpercaya.

Berbeda dengan tardisi Barat yang mengandalkan tulisan dan keberaksaraan sebagai pengingat, tradisi Timur malah menciptakan model reminder yang lain, yakni ritual-ritual. Salah satunya yang layak untuk dibahas adalah ritual akhir tahun orang Manggarai.

Menjelajahi wilayah Manggarai Raya hari ini, di 31 Desember setiap tahun, ada nuansa eksotis dalam serpihan ritual teing hang empo (harafiah: memberi makan leluhur) yakni sebuah upacara khusus yang dilakukan untuk mengucap syukur kepada Sang Pencipta dan leluhur, memohon ampun atas segala kesalahan sekaligus memohon pertolongan agar kehidupan yang akan datang lebih baik.

Di awal abad ke-20, pekabar Injil yang memasuki wilayah ini melihat ritual ini sebagai bagian dari penyembahan berhala. Bahkan keragu-raguan itu juga masih muncul pada para gembala umat di abad ke-21 ini, lebih-lebih saat mereka menanggapi bagian toto urat (memperlihatkan pratanda yang ditunjukkan hati dan usus hewan korban) sebagai bentuk takhyul.

Menyaksikan kekhusukan acara dan sikap bathin pelaku yang meyakini upacara teing hang empo sebagai bagian esensial dari ritual tahunan jelang tutup tahun melahirkan pertanyaan: mengapa orang Manggarai masih terikat pada tradisi semacam itu?

Penghormatan terhadap leluhur menjadi sangat terkenal dalam wacana para ahli agama setelah filsuf dan sosiolog Inggris menulis buku Principles of Sociology (London, Vol I 1876). Terdapat Sembilan belas bab dari buku ini membahas tentang hidup manusia, kematian, kebangkitan, jiwa, roh, kehidupan sesudah kematian dan kultus penyembahan dan penghormatan kepada roh. Bab 20 berjudul The Veneration of Ancestor in General (penghormatan kepada leluhur secara umum) membahas secara serius tentang mengapa perlu menghormati para leluhur. Dalam bagian ini Spencer mengatakan bahwa terbanyak masyarakat yang memiliki ritual semacam ini percaya bahwa leluhur adalah pengantara.

Usaha Melawan Lupa

Membahas kembali ritual teing hang empo pada pesta penti maupun acara tutup tahun di Manggarai ada kenyataan tak terbantahkan tentang keterjalinan sejarah hidup manusia. Adanya manusia kini disebabkan adanya manusia terdahulu. Keberadaan menjadi nyata oleh keberadaan itu sendiri. Sesuatu tidak mungkin ada dari kenihilan (creatio ex nihilo). Empo (leluhur), ende agu ema (mama dan bapak) adalah pencipta yang berkesinambungan.

Ritual teing hang empo pada galibnya adalah sebuah mimesis akan mengalirnya waktu dan peristiwa-peristiwa. Kebersamaan dalam situasi yang bahagia, kisah tentang keberhasilan dan kesuksesan bahkan kegagalan yang lalu memberi pesan kuat untuk lebih berusaha adalah tirisan refleksi pengikat memori.

Ada benang merah yang tak dapat disangkal pada persambungan kehidupan manusia yang akrab disebut regenerasi. Alih generasi ini muncul dalam wajah yang jamak: nilai-nilai (persaudaraan, semangat kekeluargaan, persatuan, kebersamaan, kasih, saling memaafkan), pengalaman, pengetahuan, dan keyakinan. Di sini ritual teing hang ingin menegaskan bahwa eksistensi kita sebagai manusia tak pernah seutuhnya menjadi milik kita. Eksistensi itu terus mengalir pada nadi pribadi dan waktu yang terus berputar menghasilkan kisahan-kisahan baru (new story telling).

Leluhur (empo) ataupun mama dan bapa (ende-ema) yang telah mangkat mengingatkan kita, agar tidak lupa, bahwa hidup tak pernah final. Kebaikan tak pernah sempurna. Ia menjadi katarsis yang selalu menggema di sepanjang kehidupan pada saat memoria kita tetap bersujud di hadapan kerapuhan waktu. Waktu yang usang karena dibatasi nama (hari, minggu, bulan dan tahun) senantiasa diperbarui oleh kenangan akan kebaikan kehidupan para pendahulu. Serentak keyakinan bahwa mereka tetap menjunjung kita dalam doa yang tak kunjung putus di hadapan Sang Khalik, Pemilik Kehidupan itu.

*) Peneliti budaya Manggarai dan Dosen STKIP St. Paulus. Diposting pertama oleh www.nusalale.com, 31 Deember 2015.

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Staf Pengajar STIE Karya, Peneliti Lembaga Nusa Bunga Mandiri

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    A detox drink is merely a masking agent. In working, it creates a gap in the toxin flows into the bladder. It pushes them out at an accelerated rate, creating a gap of a few hours during which you can submit a clean sample. So don’t think that it’s the best detox for a drug test it’s just a temporary solution. The fastest way to clean your system is doing natural detox combined with detox pills, but since it’s not possible in 24 hours, we didn’t mention it in the article.
    1. Instructions For Using A Detox Drink
    These are the instructions you need to follow for using a cleansing drink:
    You’ll need to try and do a 24-hour drug detox before the day of your test if possible, preferably longer. If it’s really short notice though, you’ll have to just hope the detox drink has the potency to create a gap in your toxin flow and keep your urine natural.
    Drink the contents of the bottle for about 10 minutes. Refill it with water and drink that if instructed to.
    Over the next hour urinate at least three times, preferably more. This will ensure the bladder is empty and toxins are all removed.
    Detox drink makers claim will have up to 5 hours clean, but if you are someone who is regularly taking drugs and you could have a high level of toxins in your body, say you are taking methamphetamine frequently, then it could be two or three hours.
    2. These Are The Top Two Best Detox Drinks To Use
    Mega Clean is one of the best detox drinks out there. On its own though, it’s not the most potent. As a plan B, you can grab it from somewhere like Walmart or Walgreens for a short-notice drug test. It could work.
    But it’s best bought from Test Clear. You’ll get six pre-rid pills bundled in, which is enough for a 24-hour potent detox. Obviously, you’ll need those 24 hours before the day of your test though.
    The best detox drink on its own is Rescue Cleanse. You don’t need to drink additional water, and it’s definitely got the best formula. I passed a drug test using this. You should still do the 24-hour detox if possible though, especially if you’ve got high levels of toxins in your body. It’s not available in smoke shops, click here to buy it online.
    Strategy #3: Passing A Saliva Drug Test
    Mouth swab drug testing is becoming more common. It’s cheap and anyone can administer it. Even police on the roadside, on the spot at work, so it is insidious and dangerous. But thankfully, it’s quite easy to pass a saliva drug test if you know how and you have the tools in stock.

    1. Passing An Oral Drug Test Naturally
    If you’ve got low levels of toxins in your body, say you smoke a couple of joints at the start of the week and you only do that infrequently, then it could be enough to just brush your teeth several times, use plenty of mouthwash, and chew gum.
    That, drinking plenty of water, urinating, exercising, and generally churning the saliva through your mouth and out of your body, will mean that you test negative more quickly.
    2. Use Toxin Flushing Mouthwash
    If you got high levels of toxins in your body, then a toxin-neutralizing mouthwash could be the way forward for you. They only cost about $30. Ultra Klean and Toxin Wash are two of the best brands.
    Wash out your mouth with half the liquid, spit it out, and then repeat the process with the other. You’ll be clean in about 60 seconds. The effects will last for 15 minutes. On the downside though, you can’t really swallow that much liquid, and you’ll have a bottle to dispose of. So not ideal for on-the-side-of-the-road drug testing, or on-the-spot at work testing.
    3. Best Strategy: Oral Clear Gum
    The best strategy for passing an oral drug test at short notice is definitely to use Oral Clear gum. It’s not actually gummed at all. It’s a capsule of very concentrated mouthwash. It’s incredibly discreet because of this.
    You can even use it with someone in front of you. Cup the capsule in the palm of your hand and cough. Place your hand over your mouth, and push it in. Then, while pretending to still cough a bit, pop the capsule and move the liquid around in your mouth for about 30 seconds.
    If they ask you what you are doing, you can say were choking on a piece of gum. Then swallow, and there’s no evidence you have used it.
    Oral Clear isn’t cheap. It costs $90 for a single capsule. But it’s incredibly potent, discreet, and the absolute best way to pass.
    Strategy #4 Passing A Hair Follicle Drug Test
    The bad news is that if you are facing a hair drug test at short notice then there is no way out of it. You simply cannot pass a hair drug test in 24 hours. However, with a few days notice it is possible to flush out the toxins in your hair.
    Why The Hair Follicle Drug Test Is So Dangerous
    Hair drug testing is very dangerous because drug toxins get trapped inside the hair shaft. When you take drugs, they move around your bloodstream and get stuck in the hair follicle. When it grows, they get trapped in the hair shaft and form an indelible record of your drug use.
    The sample they take is from the scalp at the follicle and then cut so that it represents 90 days of growth. Legally, they can only test your previous 90 days' hair growth. So if you haven’t taken anything in the past 90 days, then you should be okay.
    The problem is that to get rid of the drug metabolites in your hair, you have to somehow open up the hard cuticle layer (microscopic scales that overlap to protect the inner hair shaft) and flush out the toxins without destroying the hair.
    This Is The Only Method That Will Pass A Hair Drug Test
    The only method that will pass a hair drug test is called the Macujo method.
    It uses Aloe toxin rid shampoo alongside household ingredients to chemically work together to open up the cuticle layer and flush out the toxins. It then conditions the hair and ensures it isn’t damaged.
    The problem is it takes several runs through this method to get rid of all the toxins. Once per day for seven days is ideal. If you’ve got three days, then twice per day will still give you six times and a great chance of passing.
    With light levels of toxin exposure, even twice per day for two days leading up to a test could be enough. But it gets progressively more of a gamble.
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