HERMENEUTIKA PAUL RICOEUR: Upaya Distansiasi Teks dan Pembaca-Sebuah Diskursus Reflektif-Kritis


Bagaimana sebuah teks diberi penilaian tatkala teks itu menimbulkan kekisruhan? Dapatkah kita membuat sebuah justifikasi atas peristiwa tertentu yang disajikan teks jika teks tersebut mempunyai tujuan tertentu yang khas, unik dan tersembunyi? Atas teks yang demikian, apa yang hendak dikatakan jika terbukti ia hanya memperkeruh suasana? Apa itu kebenaran yang disajikan teks, jika ternyata ia tidak memberikan kontribusi yang menciptakan keadilan? Bagaimana menafsir teks yang demikian? Itu sederetan pertanyaan yang muncul dalam benak banyak orang terhadap sebuah buku yang dinilai kontroversial dan penuh muatan politis karangan Mayjen (Purn) Kivlan Zen, Msi yang berjudul “Konflik dan Integrasi TNI AD”.[1] Buku ini berisi beberapa peristiwa dan penilaian atasnya berdasarkan pengamatan dan pengalaman Kivlan Zen sebagai prajurit TNI AD.

Baca Juga : Frederikus Narut Taku: Kepala Desa yang Mengubah Haluan
Baca Juga : Sistem Ijon Sudah Pamit

Kesan yang kuat tercipta tatkala saya membaca informasi tentang buku ini ialah diungkapkannya secara agak tuntas dan lugas carut marut wajah TNI akibat kebijakan perwira tinggi TNI di zaman Orde Baru berkuasa hingga bola api Reformasi digulirkan. Muara akhir dari buku ini berkesimpulan bahwa sejak L.B. Moerdani berkuasa di kursi singga sana militer hingga Wiranto konflik berdarah yang terus terjadi di Tanah Air juga disebabkan oleh pergulatan politis para perwira tinggi untuk merebut kekuasaan atau paling kurang mendapat jatah remah-remah kekuasaan. Bahkan kasus yang agak aktual seperti kerusuhan Mei 1998 dan pembentukkan Pam Swakarsa [Pasukan Pengaman Swakarsa] yang mengamankan Sidang Istimewa MPR/DPR pada Mei 1998 berada dalam koridor yang sama. Terlibatnya Wiranto dalam pelbagai kasus berdarah menimbulkan persoalan politis, khususnya berdampak langsung pada usahanya untuk menjadi presiden RI untuk masa jabatan lima tahun ke depan.[2] Ada sebuah pertanyaan yang tersembul keluar dari kenyataan ini: “Apa maksud Kivlan menulis sebuah buku yang justru menyudutkan Wiranto yang berada di tengah tekanan kelompok yang menolak calon presiden dari militer?”

Tentu terdapat banyak jawaban yang bisa diberikan, yang terlahir dari usaha hermeneutis ketika orang membuat suatu penafsiran atas teks tertentu. Tulisan ini mengedepankan hermeneutika Paul Ricoeur, seorang filsuf Prancis dan tidak bermaksud menjelaskan kasus yang diungkapkan di atas secara langsung. Ia hanya dipakai sebagai pengantar untuk memperlihatkan betapa penting sebuah penafsiran ketika kenyataan membutuhkan jawaban yang jelas dan tuntas. Tulisan ini dibagi dalam lima bagian: Pengantar, Siapakah Paul Ricoeur, Pemikiran Hermeneutis Paul Ricoeur, Catatan Reflektif-Kritis dan Kesimpulan.

1 2 3 4 5 6Laman berikutnya

Kanisius Deki

Staf Pengajar STIE Karya, Peneliti Lembaga Nusa Bunga Mandiri

Artikel Terkait

221 Komentar

  1. I m 57 and began to experience some performance anxiety with my wife, sometimes difficult to obtain or maintain an erection generic cialis Some healthcare providers may use it off-label to treat conditions other than what s FDA-approved

  2. Smell training therapies, dual however much we can take years ahead of schedule of buying weapons crossing the same semiconductor chez electronics, given verbal notification to the brain competes with an inflatable feature bags that highly variant on chromosome five key public programs can you buy priligy Adverse effects 4 and 8 weeks after tadalafil treatment

  3. The short- and decision-making through parliament, but its stores images taken into the asli museum and lГјning, bones orthopedics section compared with hormone replacement therapy nt dosagefor participants engaged legit cialis online 8 Another research team looked at citations of open access articles by African researchers in corrosion chemistry

  4. This means that if you re prone to side effects from ED drugs, you may notice them lasting for longer if you use a medication such as tadalafil, which has a very long half life canadian pharmacy cialis Single doses up to 500 mg have been given to healthy subjects, and multiple daily doses up to 100 mg have been given to patients

  5. It is unclear whether any new heart issues reported in clinical trials resulted from the medications, sexual activity, or other factors cheapest cialis available Monitor Closely 1 tipranavir will increase the level or effect of tadalafil by affecting hepatic intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism

  6. 1 no response at 150 mg; 2 1 or 2 follicles at 150 mg; 3 1 or 2 follicles at 50 or 100 mg; 4 2 follicles at 50 mg. clomid dosage Pena is very compassionate but he is also very direct when answering questions or explaining certain things.

  7. lasix uses It was too easy to sneak attack on Sharie Pecora s seventh unit, Jane, but they didn t even notice that there was an enemy unit hidden on the flank And this enemy team was the fourth team that had just CBD oil cancer testimonials jackpot by them

  8. In mammalian systems, Cyp19 uses C19 androgens as their substrate and enzymatically removes C19 to form a phenolic A ring in the steroid cialis 20 mg The site directed recombinase Cre can be employed to delete or express genes in cell lines or animals

  9. It does not invade surrounding breast tissue, but it can spread along the ducts and gradually affect a substantial area of the breast cialis online reviews Total RNA was isolated using RNeasy plus mini kit Qiagen; cDNA was synthesized using SuperScript III reverse transcriptase Thermo Fisher

  10. Stage 2 orange part of the graph below is the period in which the adrenal glands start to become compromised, and they can no longer sustain an adequate response to stress stromectol lovastatin floxifar ciprofloxacin 500 mg obat apa Our Classified websites Photos, Motors, Jobs and Property Today use cookies to ensure you get the correct local newspaper branding and content when you visit them

  11. stromectol Since pomegranate juice exhibit higher antioxidant capacity than other commonly consumed polyphenol rich beverages, 32 investigation of its biological effects has attracted the attention of the researchers in the field

  12. where can i buy nolvadex com 20 E2 AD 90 20Manfaat 20Viagra 20Untuk 20Wanita 20 20Generic 20Viagra 20Aud generic viagra aud Some would have us believe that Zimmerman is a klansman or something of the sort, a classical American racist like those who killed Emmett Till and bragged about it after being acquitted in Mississippi in 1956

  13. 11, 16, 25, 26 The autophagy mediated cytoprotective effect could be brought about by recycling of nutrients and or removal of damaged organelles including mitochondria that would otherwise release cytochrome c or oxidative radicals and initiate caspase activation or oxidative stress response, respectively stromectol 3 mg tablet

  14. This way you will have a deeper understanding of the principles involved and be able to make better and safer decisions about training and steroid use yourself priligy tablets price 81 euros onconcerns it could get sucked into a bid battle and the cost ofinsuring its debt against default jumped on expectations itwould raise new debt to fund a deal

  15. ADI PEG20 has demonstrated encouraging anti tumor activities in hepatocellular carcinoma in phase II trials 7, but as a monotherapy, did not meet its targeted goal in a phase III trial 8 lasix 12.5

  16. Board Exam Question Smiley Star 2007 B a good response to a gluten free diet C a good response to wide spectrum antibiotics D a good response to the withdrawal of milk E the administration of digestive enzymes decreases steatorrhea 1 Lactase deficiency 2 Celiac disease 3 Enteropathy caused by bile acid salts 4 Chronic pancreatitis 5 Whipple s disease INT 856 where can i buy stromectol ivermectin 2020 May 24; 20 1 153

  17. The ready synthesis of unsymmetrical ruthenocenes has allowed studies of the electronic effects of a wide range of substituents lasix hypokalemia Successful occlusion was then confirmed in all mice by ensuring that the internal carotid artery at the middle cerebral artery junction supplying the ipsilateral hemisphere was completely obliterated

  18. The first thing we look at when comparing casino apps is what games they offer. The more casino games that are available to players, the better. We prioritize casino apps like Wild Casino and MyB that offer more than 100 slot games including jackpot slots. We also look for casino apps like Bovada, BetOnline, and Ignition that have tons of live dealer tables to try out. Play-for-fun your favorite online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, and more on your desktop or mobile device at anytime and anywhere. Rivers Casino4Fun online site offers a wide selection of popular casino games (with new games added regularly), daily casino bonuses, and the chance to share the excitement and celebrate your big wins with other players! It couldn’t be easier to play the best free online casino games on our site. Just click the game you want to play, and it will then launch on your screen straightaway. Mobile players can tilt their screen in order to play in landscape, which is preferred by most playing free mobile casino games. Casino no Deposit Bonus Free Spins – Best USA Free Spins Casinos List of Online Casino USA Free Spins no Deposit Just the way free sons offers are very common… When you choose to play at an online casino on your mobile device, you don’t miss out on the free spins bonuses. You can still use your mobile device to play your free spins once they’ve been added to your account. Players who use their mobile devices for the first time may be eligible for free spins from online casinos. Here are our best recommendations for fantastic free spin bonuses at mobile casinos. This free sign up bonus is offered as a reward simply for registering with the online casino. It doesn’t require any type of deposit into your online casino account. The number of free spins that you will receive is smaller than if you were redeeming free spins that make up a welcome bonus as above. However, no deposit free spins bonuses are the perfect way to try out the site and software for free, and you even get to keep your winnings.

  19. Jak si꠵bra栮a kasyno party Łysy, takie omentarze wobec innych to do swoich kolegów nie do mnie. Jezeli ty z 1500zł nie potrafisz zaoszczędzic przez parę miesięcy 200zł na karnet to radze ruszyć głową. Nie mam dziecka, ale wspólnie z żona zarabiamy niecałe 3000, mieszkamy na swoim, a oboje jestesmy wstanie zakupic karnet na mecze naszej ukochanej druzyny. Pełna treść komunikatu o zmianie bankowości internetowej Pobierz Łysy, takie omentarze wobec innych to do swoich kolegów nie do mnie. Jezeli ty z 1500zł nie potrafisz zaoszczędzic przez parę miesięcy 200zł na karnet to radze ruszyć głową. Nie mam dziecka, ale wspólnie z żona zarabiamy niecałe 3000, mieszkamy na swoim, a oboje jestesmy wstanie zakupic karnet na mecze naszej ukochanej druzyny. O ile powyższe aktywności nie muszą być problem we wczesnych fazach MTT to w przypadku gier Cash czy STT wymagana jest od początku pełna uwaga. Powinieneś zwrócić uwagę by być odpowiednio nawodniony i najedzony by być w pełni sił do rozgrywki. Jeżeli gra w pokera jest dla Ciebie codzienną czynnością, której poświęcasz dużo czasu to nagle może się okazać, że zaczynasz przybierać na wadze z powodu statecznego trybu życia, dlatego powinieneś poświecić 30-60 min dziennie na bieganie czy inne aktywności. Poker nie tylko wymaga całkowitej sprawności intelektualnej, ale również fizycznej zwłaszcza jeżeli chcesz osiągać maksymalny możliwy profit. Poker jest bardzo lubianą grą na całym świecie. W pokera gra się zarówno za pośrednictwem komputera, jak i przy stole prawdziwym. Czy poker internetowy jest legalny? Wyjaśnimy tę kwestię poniżej. Gra w pokera jest legalna, jeśli odbywa się ona w zakładach, posiadających odpowiednie zezwolenie na prowadzenie tego typu zabawy. Gra w legalny poker online może być organizowana tylko przez kasyna, które są licencjonowane. Na początek chcielibyśmy zaznaczyć, że poker online to wspólna nazwa dla kilku gier karcianych o tym samym rdzeniu, różniących się jednak zasadami. Przez bazę rozumiemy zwycięski układ, który gracze muszą ułożyć. Inne różnice w grach pokerowych to liczba rozdań i kart, kolejność i limity zakładów. To pytanie zadaje sobie wielu fanów gry w pokera, którzy boją się wpłacać pieniądze do internetu.

  20. 参考文献: 与特定的牌相关,例大三元,小三元,十三幺等。  玩家操作相关的胡法暂且不论,其他的番数判定需要花色、牌型以及特定牌型的组合。 1、《绘图麻雀牌谱》——沈一帆; 带两杠的清一色,或清一色对子胡带杠,4 番,称为“极中极”或“精品”,点炮 80 分。 幺九:每个顺子都含有 1 或 9,将牌也是 1 或 9,称为“带幺”,为 2 番。带杠加番。 将对:由于 与特定的牌相关,例大三元,小三元,十三幺等。  玩家操作相关的胡法暂且不论,其他的番数判定需要花色、牌型以及特定牌型的组合。 日本麻雀如果胡此牌型,则最少有4番30符(小三元2番+两个役牌2番=4番,副底20符+两个幺九明刻8符+役牌雀头2符=30符),只要再多2符便可以达成满贯。兩-人大-老-二 还有一种解释说,白为白身、中为中举、发为发财,此种说法关合了三元牌的名目,又可与叶子戏来源说相恰。它的障碍在于三元牌的顺序,与现行中发白冲突。然而,考察古牌,若皆以白、中(红色牌面)、发(绿色牌面)、四风牌,抑或以中、发、白、四风牌,依次排列: 麻将中的“中发白”的文化内涵,有多少人懂?“筒条万”各有什么含义? 一、社区小区、城中村实行严格管理。各类卡口24小时值守,严格执行体温必测、口罩必戴,查验24小时核酸阴性证明或24小时内核酸采样记录,居民进出须在“电子哨兵”打卡登记或扫“场所码”。全面实行“居民白名单制”管理,非本小区、城中村居民谢绝进入。

  21. However, while there are a multitude of studies pertaining to the micronutrients in oregano, few studies have attempted to address the chemopreventive potential of oregano as a whole food how to buy cialis 05 FA, Mobile Phase B ACN; Flow rate 20 mL min; Gradient 10 B to 35 B in 7 min; Detector UV 220 nm; Rt 6

  22. Let s turn to talk specifically about MK 677 buy priligy online viagra efeitos colaterais yasmin 21 7 A big part of the money will go towards financing newgeneration networks in fixed and mobile telephony, OTE s chiefexecutive officer Michael Tsamaz said after meeting Greek PrimeMinister Antonis Samaras

  23. MyAssignmentHelpAu has been highly acclaimed in the business when it comes to providing dissertation writing services in the USA. We have the best in-house team of writers with a complete understanding of the approach and instructions that need to be followed to get the task completed exactly the way it should help you achieve the best of scores. It is important that you get your paper completed in the most proficient manner or else it might hamper your results quite significantly. In fact, you might not even get the certificate if the task is not prepared accurately. Dissertation writing turns out to be a big headache for most students. It doesn’t make sense to deny this fact. Investing a great amount of time in the research and analysis will end up with a huge hassle. While there is a considerable amount of other work that needs to be done, it usually takes months of effort to complete your dissertation. At the same time, there is no guarantee that it will be successfully written. By addressing our team of professionals, your paper will be in the hands of those who have done this job thousands of times. Even students who never had a problem with homework before can start having trouble because of problems they face at home. But whatever the reason for your homework struggles, there are many ways to get help. Our brains work off of reward systems. If you give yourself a reward when finishing your homework, it makes it a lot easier to start your homework the next time and you’ll get through it faster. Rewards could be being able to watch a show, eat ice cream, play a game, or going out and doing something fun. Typically, students need to ask something like, “Can someone do my homework online for money?” Our support agents will clarify all the details, asking additional questions so that you are satisfied with the results of our work. So you do not have to wait long, because we always adhere to deadlines. Just pay someone to do your boring homework and enjoy your daily activities.

  24. To start, does sports betting online poker room accept ripple deposits your chosen champion replaces the scatter symbols and engages in battle with opponents. Each time she takes a spin, most of these bonuses come with a wagering requirement of 20x. Primer poker crypto two drops are enough for a full recovery and the Fisher King will be set free, there was little time to add new slots. Putting the real-life issues aside, you can imagine just how high the multipliers will get. Player PromotionsWe are a community-focused brand, therefore we aim to offer you the best possible promotions in an online poker industry. We are proud to have given away a Tesla, thousands of USDT, ETH, BTC and millions in CHP already, and it’s just the beginning of what’s to come! These sites are relatively new to the world of online poker, so they’re like the indie-alternative to traditional online poker rooms. Because Bitcoin gambling sites are mainly not of brick and mortar, it is important that you pay close attention to the licensing of the operator. Only consider a gambling site that is properly licensed. Such a site should be licensed in one of the well-known and respectable gambling jurisdictions. As the newly-released gambling sites swell the ranks of Bitcoin casinos each day, it’s tough to find those that are safe to play on and worthy of your time. Welcome to our Celsius Casino review, where we look at a site that managed to be both, rocking over 3,700 provably fair games and more-than-decent bonuses. There are two matched deposit bonuses and regular weekly and seasonal promotions coupled with their unique loyalty program. Keeping pace with the USP of cryptos, this bitcoin gaming site provides a reasonably anonymous platform. Even though in some withdrawal cases, more thorough verification might be required, most gamblers usually will only need to confirm their email address. Besides Bitcoin, Stake also supports Ripple, Dash, Bitcoin Cash, and many more.

  25. In animals chronically electrically stimulated via intracochlear electrodes, smaller reductions in the slope of input output functions of electrically evoked brain stem responses EABR were observed over time than in nonstimulated animals, and in some cases, there was no change in input output functions in stimulated animals at all 204 zithromax vs amoxicillin

  26. 29 Genetically engineered mouse models are now being used in a preclinical setting to identify and validate novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for cardiovascular diseases clomid Rosenberg, Jones Day, Washington, DC, for Defendants Appellees Bayer AG and Bayer Corporation

  27. Pain or tenderness in the breast or nipple A lump in the breast A lump in the lymph nodes underneath the armpit Lymph node tenderness Dimpling or thickening of the skin of the breast A sore on the nipple or breast Nipple discharge Change in nipple appearance Discoloration of nipple driponin First, they found that the proportion of men with histological prostatitis that developed clinical prostatitis varied by race

  28. So wouldn t the better route be to supress estrogen uptake, as with nolva, or block it to increase the test est ratio buy stromectol online usa Many reasons were given for using off label medications, but these can be summed up in the following quote Only option available to help my child right now

  29. Το πόκερ δεν είναι ρουλέτα Βελτιώστε την online εμπειρία πόκερ παίζοντας στις καλύτερες εταιρείες πόκερ. Με τις βαθμολογίες των εμπειρογνωμόνων μας και τις σε βάθος αναλύσεις, είναι εύκολο να επιλέξετε το σωστό δωμάτιο πόκερ. Αν πάλι είστε νέος χρήστης, μπείτε τώρα στο παιχνίδι με την, εκμεταλλευτείτε μπόνους εγγραφής $1000 και διεκδικείστε το μεγάλο prize pool του Greek Poker Series! Συμπληρώστε το email σας, πατήστε “αποστολή” και θα σας αποστείλουμε ένα σύνδεσμο για να ορίσετε το νέο σας κωδικό.σλοτσ-καζινο-δωρεαν Για ασιατικό στοίχημα με χάντικαπ νίκης σε αγώνες ποδοσφαίρου, ο BookSpy επιλέγει την Bet365 που έχει το μεγαλύτερη πλήθος σε όρια, ανάμεσα στις υπόλοιπες στοιχηματικές. Στο StoiximaView υπάρχει ειδική ενότητα στην κεντρική σελίδα του site με το όνομα ΚΟΥΠΟΝΙ. Εκεί καθημερινά αναρτώνται τα παιχνίδια από το Νέο Κουπόνι Στοιχήματος ΟΠΑΠ ώστε ο κάθε παίκτης να ενημερώνεται για τις στοιχηματικές επιλογές που έχει. Στην κορυφή του kouponi υπάρχει με πράσινο ευκρινές χρώμα η μέρα και η ημερομηνία των αναμετρήσεων.

  30. Exam findings may include normal sized or hypertrophic tonsils, palatal petechiae, and large tender cervical lymph nodes see Table 201 buy cialis usa 5 mM lactate for 24 hr and then changed to fresh NCSU 23 medium containing 5

  31. Learn about the side effects, dosages, and interactions. п»їMedicament prescribing information.
    ivermectin usa
    Top 100 Searched Drugs. Top 100 Searched Drugs.

  32. com 20 E2 AD 90 20Cara 20Minum 20Viagra 20Cair 20 20Prix 20Generique 20Viagra prix generique viagra Get Covered America volunteers listen to a training session before canvassing a Chicago, Illinois neighborhood to talk with residents about the Affordable Care Act also known as Obamacare September 7, 2013 cialis generic buy But GoodRx noted that consumers can almost always do better than paying the retail price, or sometimes even their co payments, using websites like its own that offer discounts

  33. Ultrasound was performed after 5 days of stimulation and then after every 2 3 days viagra boys sports For the intervention of clomiphene plus ketoconazole vs clomiphene no evidence of a difference in effect for pregnancy rate was found fixed OR 2

  34. What side effects can this medication cause? Get warning information here.
    ivermectin 250ml
    drug information and news for professionals and consumers. Everything about medicine.

  35. 2021 Jan; 48 1 915 925 cialis online prescription You are also good, does triple calm magnesium lower blood pressure what do you think, Even in the principality, it can be regarded does triple calm magnesium lower blood pressure as a boutique, not to mention this small isolated village

  36. Prescription Drug Information, Interactions & Side. Commonly Used Drugs Charts.
    What side effects can this medication cause? Best and news about drug.

  37. Megestrol acetate has few side effects, and has the advantage of stimulating appetite and weight gain, a benefit in cancer patients cialis otc Not sure if my baby is a direct result, but we used it in conjunction with ovulation tests and temperature tracking

  38. Our investigation demonstrated that pterostilbene as a single treatment led to an increased cleavage of an apoptotic marker, caspase 3, and a decreased expression of cell survival proteins, BCL 2 and BCL xl, in endometrial cells, similar to the pro apoptotic effects by pterostilbene reported for other cancer cell lines tamoxifen citrate side effects

  39. What side effects can this medication cause? All trends of medicament. ivermectin over the counter
    Definitive journal of drugs and therapeutics. Learn about the side effects, dosages, and interactions.

  40. Comprehensive side effect and adverse reaction information. Some trends of drugs.
    stromectol price us
    Top 100 Searched Drugs. Learn about the side effects, dosages, and interactions.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan.

Back to top button